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Ldz Ghetto, 1943. The largest ghetto in the territories annexed to the Reich. Two hundred thousand Jews were interned here, not only from Ldz and its environs, but also from Austria, the Czech Republic and Germany. As of April 1, 1940, the ghetto was completely cut off from the rest of the city. The Ldz Ghetto - controlled by a government bureau, the "Gettoverwaltung" for a variety of reasons lasted longer than any other ghetto. It was liquidated in August 1944. With the final transport - on August 28,1944 - Chaim Mordechaj Rumkowski, Chairman of the Council of Jewish Elders (Judenrat), was deported to Auschwitz. More Jews survived the Ldz Ghetto than any other ghetto created by the Germans.
 

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