On the Gesia, Szeroka, Mila Street

Lublin, 1937. 9 Lubartowska Street, comer of Cyrulicza Street - the house of Szohl Wolman. On this comer, porters gathered waiting for work. Photograph by Stefan Kielsznia.
  "Jagiellonska Street was a really European street, like the whole of Bielsko, which was often refered to as little Vienna. Modern, three-story apartment buildings built in the Art Nouveau style, expensive stores primarily owned by Germans. The local Jewish community was progressive. "The end of Jagiellonska Street was a bridge which, as far back as I remember, and I was born in 1909, divided Austrian Silesia from Galicia.
On the other side of the bridge was 11th of November Street. This was already Biala, a typical town of Little Poland. There was a great number of Hasidim, of whom many lived along the riverside street Nad Niwka. It was also home to Rabbi Mozes Stern, an ultraorthodox Jew. Great respect was also shown to Rabbi Aron Halberstam, from the Nowy Sacz hasidic dynasty. An outstanding Talmud scholar, and founder of the school, he donated his huge library to the community." As told by Aric Machauf of Tel Aviv

Kutno, 1930s. Friends of Ida Kowal. The dedication on the reverse reads: "For sweet Dziunia - Mala, Felicja, Stefa."

Gleboka Street in Cieszyn, 1930s. Hilda Glanz (on the right) with her friends.

Krakw, 1935. Chaja Tendler from Skala (on the right) with her friends.

Myslenice, 1920s. Jews returning from the synagogue.

Jagiellonska Street in Bielsko, 1938. The Rabbis Mozes Stern and Aron Halberstam from Biala, along with Jonas Littner - a Jewish community official.

A street in Tamw.

Stamp on the reverse: "Souvenir of Truskawiec" with the date 1936.

"This photograph was found amongst the papers of an unknown German, left at the front on the Odra River in April 1945. Judging by the annotation on the reverse, the photograph was taken in the middle of September 1939 near Wloclawek." Jan Lojewski, Captain in the LWP Reserz,cs. Wroclaw
"This is the paramedical-barber shop of my grandfather Jakub Kraus. Beside my grandfather, supported by a cane, stands my school chum Romek Turchan and a barber's apprentice. Grandfather knew how to extract teeth painlessly, cure with cupping-glasses, treat with leeches. If you look closely enough, you can see a jar with leeches standing in the window. Grandfather also went along to assist women giving birth. He was therefore not very pious - people would never have called a pious Jew to a birth. He went to synagogue only on the high holidays. "Podgrze was the former Josefstadt founded by the Austrians after the first partition as a rival to Krakw. People were drawn there from the entire empire, as they were exempt from taxes. It was a working neighborhood. I remember the Jewish chocolate factories Pishinger and Optima, two wine distilleries, a factory making wire mesh. The Wasserbergs' mills were also a Jewish company. However, I can't recall any signs in Yiddish." Told by Jzef Seweryn of Warsaw

Krakw-Podgrze, 11 Limanowski Street, 1936.

Pakose near Inowroclaw, the inter-war years.
"This shop belonged to the family of Mr. Dattel, who was acquainted with my father. They both worked in the administration of the quarry in Wapienno belonging to Dr. Leopold Levy. Mr. Dattel left at the beginning of the War, and no one heard from him again." Maria Buczak, Katowicc

Pakok was in the territory of former Prussia, Pomerania, where Jews made up 1-3 percent of the population.
The National-Democratic Party slogan "Don't buy from a Jew" had many supporters there.

"In front of my father's shop, standing in the doorway, pauses a Jewish acquaintance. Skalmierzyce Nowe was under German control, while Kalisz was under the Russians. Crossing the border was not a problem and my father, as he often recalled, did a fantastic business then, dealing with the Jews for whom he had a great liking." Krystyna DCbska, Poznah

Skalmierzyce Nowe near Kalisz, 1912 or 1913.

Mr. and Mrs. Lensztajn from Ldz
"Photographs of the Lensztajns, for whom she worked, remained in the album of my aunt, who perished in Auschwitz. I also knew them. "They were wonderful people, very wealthy, but not indifferent to the poverty of others. They occupied the entire first floor of the building at 37 W1czafiska Street in Ldz. Mr. Lensztajn was the vice director of Poznafiski's. They had one son, Marcel. "After the invasion by the Germans, Mr. Lensztajn was shot, and his wife and son were sent to the ghetto in Warsaw. My aunt went to them there and helped them, until her own arrest. She was transported to Auschwitz and perished there. I assume Mrs. Lensztajn and her son also perished, for, if they had been saved, they would have come to us." Halina Watorowska, Ldz

On the reverse: "Kitchen work. From Mayer. Lvov, August 20, 1940."

Print from a glass plate found in Zdufiska Wola.

In the main street of Tomaszw Lubelski - Lwowska Street, 1937.
"My father, the quartermaster for the 9th Infantry Regiment, met a Jew at that time in Lwowska Street, with whom he did some business concerning supplies. He was supposedly the owner of some building material warehouses." Halina Kalinowska, Tomaszw Lubelski

"The Kons lived in Ldz at 62 Nawrot Street, and in 1935 1 was their tenant. Their daughter Ewa was twelve, their son Abramek - four. Fajwusz Kon worked as the chief accountant for his sister's ribbon factory I knew his wife, Malcia, quite well as we had lived in the same little town, Koprzywnica near Sandomierz. Her maiden name was Cynamon. Her sister Tobcia went to Argentina or Brazil. I owe much to the protection of Malcia. She found me a job with a good dressmaker, a Jewish woman with the surname Zajac. Salka. Pawlowska also worked there, and she was trying to emigrate to Palestine. Maybe she is still alive?" Maria Zajac, Opatw Kielecki

Ldz, the early 1930s. The Kon family taking a stroll.


039 Wodzislaw Kielecki, probably 1940.

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