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Prepared by Paul H. Hamburg

The following selections are some of the most important works on the Warsaw Ghetto. They have been annotated for your convenience. A more complete bibliography follows.

Gutman, Yisrael. The Jews of Warsaw, 1939-1943: Ghetto, Underground, Revolt. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1982.

Every aspect of life in Warsaw: the foundation of the Judenrat and its functioning; the open and secret activities of Jews in the Ghetto, are described in this monograph. It also contains a serious discussion of the role of German policy and the relationship of Polish society to the Jew. All this serves as a basis for a thorough analysis of the political organizations responsi ble for the preparation and carrying out of the Warsaw revolt.

Hilberg, Raul., et. al. The Warsaw Diary of Adam Czerniakow: Prelude to Doom. New York: Stein and Day, 1979.

While chairman of the Warsaw Judenrat (Jewish Council set up by the Nazis), Adam Czerniakow kept a secret journal documenting the events in the Warsaw Ghetto from September 1939 until his death in July 1942. These nine notebooks document the activities of the Judenrat and the German policy of exploitation of the Jews of the Warsaw Ghetto.

Huberband, Shimon. Kiddush Hashem: Jewish Religious and Cultural Life in Poland During the Holocaust. New York: Yeshiva University Press, 1987.

Part diary, part autobiography, part eyewitness account, and part historical monograph, Rabbi Shimon Huberband's archives cover every aspect of Ghetto life, including religious life, cul tural activities and heroic self-sacrifice.

Katsh, Abraham I., trans. and ed. The Warsaw Diary of Chaim A. Kaplan. Rev. ed. New York: Collier, 1973.

The diary of Chaim Kaplan is the only major document of the Warsaw Ghetto written in Hebrew and is considered by many to be the premier literary document of the period. Hidden in a kerosene can, the dairy was discovered only in 1963.

Keller, Ulrich. The Warsaw Ghetto in Photographs: 206 Views Made in 1941. New York: Dover, 1984.

Originally taken by German army photographers for propaganda purposes, these 206 pho tographs taken in 1941 stand in defiance of this original intention and, in fact, document the courage and humanity of the Warsaw Ghetto inhabitants. This volume also contains an exten sive historical introduction by the editor.

Kermish, Joseph, ed. To Live With Honor and To Die With Honor! ... : Selected Documents from the Warsaw Ghetto Underground Archives "O.S." ["Oneg Shabbath"]. Jerusalem: Yad Vashem, 1986.

The Warsaw Underground Archives ("O.S.") constitutes the largest collection of primary mate rials collected on the Warsaw Ghetto. They reflect the monumental effort of spiritual resis tance carried out by the residents of the Warsaw Ghetto as well as their sense of history.

Korczak, Janusz. The Warsaw Ghetto Memoirs of Janusz Korczak. Washington, D.C.: University Press of America, 1979.

These diaries cover a mere four months, from May to August, 1942 and describe the last days of the children's orphanage in the Warsaw Ghetto which Janusz Korczak directed before he and the children were transported to their deaths in Treblinka.

Mark, Ber. Uprising in the Warsaw Ghetto. New York: Schocken, 1979.

Ber Mark was a founder of the Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw. This volume was the first historical work to appear on the uprising and remains one of the most important. It con tains a day-by-day account of the uprising as well as 84 documents from the period.

Milton, Sybil and Andrzej Worth, eds. The Stroop Report: The Jewish Quarter of Warsaw Is No More. New York: Pantheon, 1979.

The Stroop Report, the report of the Nazi commander who directed the destruction of the Warsaw Ghetto, was prepared as a memento for SS-Chief Heinrich Himmler. It contains a sum mary introduction, thirty-two teletyped reports, and a series of photographs. The introduction to the English translation contains an excellent analysis of the use of language by the Nazis.

Ringelblum, Emmanuel. Notes from the Warsaw Ghetto: The Journal of Emmanuel Ringelblum. New York: Schocken, 1974.

Emmanuel Ringelblum, the archivist of the Warsaw Ghetto, chronicles the events in the Ghetto from September 1939 until the eve of the destruction of the Ghetto in April 1943. Before his execution by the Nazis he managed to hide his writings, which were found in the razed Ghetto after the war.

Roland, Charles G. Courage Under Siege: Starvation, Disease, and Death in the Warsaw Ghetto. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.

Written by an author who is both a physician and historian, this book provides the first histo ry of the medical disaster that took place in the Warsaw Ghetto. Under nightmarish condi tions in hospitals and other medical facilities, doctors and hospital workers continued to care for those in need and resisted the ravages of starvation and disease.

Rubinowicz, Dawid. The Diary of Dawid Rubinowicz. Edmunds, WA: Creative Options, 1982. Recovered in the rubble of post-war Poland, the terror of living in World War 11 Poland is captured through the innocent eyes of a twelve-year-old boy.

Ziemian, Joseph. The Cigarette Sellers of Three Crosses Square. Minneapolis: Lerner, 1975.

The astonishing, true story of a group of Jewish children who managed to escape from the Warsaw Ghetto in 1942 and survive in the Aryan section of the Nazi-occupied city, showing bravery and resourcefulness.

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