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The Enduring Spirit: Art of the Holocaust
"If I perish, don't let my works die; show them to the public."
Felix Nussbaum, 1943

Felix Nussbaum, a self-portrait with Jewish star and identity card, completed in hiding in 1943. CL:Kulturqeschichtliches Museum. Osnabrueck

Despite the conditions in the camps, the human imagination found expression in art and poetry. Much of Holocaust art was documentary: art for history, to record what had been experienced. The artists were simultaneously victim and commentator, forced to steal paper, ink, and color from food dyes and rust.

Odd Nansen, deported to Sachsenhausen, depicts prisoners at hard labor, 1944. CL:National Mahn und Gedenkstaette Sachsenhausen, Oranienburg

"Nightmare." a watercolor by Norbert Troller, painted in Theresienstadt, 1942, symbolizes many aspects of daily life in the camp. CL:LBI/NY

"Six bread, " ink drawing by Conrad Loew, depicts hunger in Gurs, 1940. CL:DOW

"The Jew's Last Road." a watercolor by Waldemar Nowakowski, painted in Auschwitz, 1943. CL:Janina Jaworska. Warsaw

Panel 29Index to Courage to RememberPanel 31
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