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Nazi Policy: Racism and Terror

"A time of brutality approaches of which we ourselves can have absolutely no conception."
Josef Goebbels, Die Zweite Revolution, 1926

While Nazi propaganda manipulated mass opinion and paralyzed opponents, Nazi violence and terror guaranteed swift success in seizing power and implementing racist and political policy. Within a month of seizing power, in February of 1933, Hitler suspended all constitutional rights. The SS and SA began political arrests, brutalizing Jews, Communists, and any other declared opponents of the Third Reich.

Jewish student humiliated in the Nazi-run schools of 1938. Blackboard reads, "The Jew is our greatest enemy. Protect yourself from Jews." CL:Dokumentationsarchiv des Oesterreichischen Widerstandes. Vienna (DOW)

Berlin street arrest March 3, 1933. CL:Stichtina Nederlands Foto & Grafisch Centrum

Nazis read antisemitic newspaper to Jews in Baden- Baden synagogue after the Kristallnacht pogrom, Nov. 1938. CL:LBI/NY
"A house like millions of others. somewhere in Germany. Simple people. like you and me. live in this house: these people live in fear. Don't ask what they fear: they fear the Gestapo of course. They fear the rampant secret denunciations. Friends see someone ringing the doorbell at an unusual hour. The fear is there: doors open furtively and the intimidated residents peek out to see who is affected." Lea Grundig, Survivor, Dresden, 1936

A 1933 kiosk in Werl in the Rhineland lists Jewish businesses and residents, urging "Genuine Germans avoid them." CL:BPK

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