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Directory of Major Concentration Camps
DIRECTORY OF MAJOR CONCENTRATION CAMPS
CONCENTRATION CAMP LOCATION TYPE OF CAMP OPERATION CLOSURE PRESENT STATUS
AUSCHWITZ- BIRKENAU Poland Annihilation; Forced Labor April 1940 - January 1945 Liberated by USSR Camp Preserved
BELZEC Poland Annihilation March 1942 - June 1943 Liquidated by Germany Monument
BERGEN-BELSEN Germany Holding Center April 1943 - April 1945 Liberated by UK Graveyard
BUCHENWALD Germany Forced Labor July 1937 - April 1945 Liberated by USA Camp preserved; Museum
CHELMNO Poland Annihilation December 1944 - April 1943; April 1944 - January 1945 Liquidated by Germany Monument
DACHAU Germany Forced Labor March 1933 - April 1945 Liberated by USA Camp preserved; Museum
DORA/MITTELBAU Germany Forced Labor September 1943 - April 1945 Liberated by USA Memorial Sculpture Plaza
FLOSSENBÜRG Germany Forced Labor May 1938 - April 1945 Liberated by USA Buildings; Monument
GROSS-ROSEN Poland Forced Labor August 1940 - February 1945 Liberated by USSR Camp Preserved; Museum
JANÓWSKA Ukraine Forced Labor; Annihilation September 1941 - November 1943 Liquidated by Germany Not Maintained
KAISERWALD Latvia Forced Labor March 1943 - September 1944 Liquidated by Germany Not Maintained
MAJDANEK Poland Annihilation July 1941 - July 1944 Liberated by USSR Camp Preserved; Monument
MAUTHAUSEN Austria Forced Labor August 1938 - May 1945 Liberated by USA Buildings; Monument
NATZWEILER/STRUTHOF France Forced Labor May 1941 - September 1944 Liquidated by Germany Camp Preserved
NEUENGAMME Germany Forced Labor June 1940 - May 1945 Liberated by UK Used as Prison; Monument
ORANIENBURG Germany Holding Center March 1933 - March 1935 Liquidated by Germany Not Maintained
PLASZOW Poland Forced Labor December 1942 - January 1945 Liquidated by Germany Not Maintained
RAVENSBRÜCK Germany Forced Labor May 1939 - April 1945 Liberated by USSR Buildings; Monument
SACHSENHAUSEN Germany Forced Labor July 1936 - April 1945 Liberated by USSR Museum; Buildings
SOBIBOR Poland Annihilation May 1942 - October 1943 Liquidated by Germany Monument
STUTTHOF Poland Forced Labor September 1939 - May 1945 Liberated by USSR Buildings; Museum
TEREZIN (THERESIENSTADT) Czech Republic Holding Center Transit Ghetto November 1941 - May 1945 Liberated by USSR Buildings; Monument
TREBLINKA Poland Annihilation July 1942 - November 1943 Liquidated by Germany Monument
WESTERBORK Netherlands Transit Camp October 1939 - April 1945 Liberated by Canada Monument

rev. 11/97

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